Addicted to Pain Pills: Understanding Narcotic Abuse

SOURCES: Bateson, A.N. Current Pharmaceutical Design, January 2002. “Toxicity, Barbiturate.” FDA. “FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence.” Van den Brink, W. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2006. National Institute on Drug Abuse: “How can prescription drug addiction be treated?” “The Neurology of Drug Addiction.” New England Journal of Medicine: “Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorders.” UpToDate: “Opioid use disorder: Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, course, screening, assessment, and diagnosis.”

Symptoms, Treatment and Alcohol Detox Duration

SOURCES: Royal College of Physicians: “Alcohol Use Disorders: Diagnosis and Clinical Management of Alcohol-Related Physical Complications. NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 100.” American Academy of Family Physicians: “Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome.” Alcohol Health & Research World: “Complications of Alcohol Withdrawal,” “Introduction to Alcohol Withdrawal,” “Treatment of Alcohol Withdrawal.” State Government of Victoria: “Withdrawal.” Cleveland Clinic: “Care of the Patient Undergoing Alcohol Withdrawal.” UpToDate: “Patient education: Alcohol use — when is drinking a problem? (Beyond the Basics).” Read More

Short and Long-Term Side-Effects & Treatment of Addiction

SOURCES: National Institute on Drug Abuse: “A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction,” “Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction,” “What Are Stimulants?” “What are the long-term effects of cocaine use?” “What is Cocaine?” Foundation for a Drug-Free World: “Effects of Cocaine.” Center for Substance Abuse Research: “Cocaine (Powder).” SAMHSA/CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocols: “Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.” Narconon: “Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Use.” UpToDate: “Cocaine use disorder in adults: “Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, medical consequences, and Read More

Physical & Mental Effects, Signs of Abuse

SOURCES: National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Methamphetamine Abuse and Addiction,” “Drug Facts: Methamphetamine,” “Methamphetamine,” “Easy-to-Read Drug Facts.” Partnership for Drug-Free Kids: “Crystal Meth.” Drug Enforcement Administration: “Drug Fact Sheet: Methamphetamine.” Foundation for a Drug-Free World: “The Truth About Crystal Meth and Methamphetamine.” News release, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The Meth Project: “How to Spot a User,” “Find Help.” NIDA for Teens: “Drug Facts: Methamphetamine (Meth).”