Addicted to Pain Pills: Understanding Narcotic Abuse

SOURCES: Bateson, A.N. Current Pharmaceutical Design, January 2002. eMedicine.com: “Toxicity, Barbiturate.” FDA. “FDA approves first buprenorphine implant for treatment of opioid dependence.” Van den Brink, W. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2006. National Institute on Drug Abuse: “How can prescription drug addiction be treated?” “The Neurology of Drug Addiction.” New England Journal of Medicine: “Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorders.” UpToDate: “Opioid use disorder: Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, course, screening, assessment, and diagnosis.”

Symptoms, Treatment and Alcohol Detox Duration

SOURCES: Royal College of Physicians: “Alcohol Use Disorders: Diagnosis and Clinical Management of Alcohol-Related Physical Complications. NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 100.” American Academy of Family Physicians: “Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome.” Alcohol Health & Research World: “Complications of Alcohol Withdrawal,” “Introduction to Alcohol Withdrawal,” “Treatment of Alcohol Withdrawal.” State Government of Victoria: “Withdrawal.” Cleveland Clinic: “Care of the Patient Undergoing Alcohol Withdrawal.” UpToDate: “Patient education: Alcohol use — when is drinking a problem? (Beyond the Basics).” Read More

Short and Long-Term Side-Effects & Treatment of Addiction

SOURCES: National Institute on Drug Abuse: “A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction,” “Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction,” “What Are Stimulants?” “What are the long-term effects of cocaine use?” “What is Cocaine?” Foundation for a Drug-Free World: “Effects of Cocaine.” Center for Substance Abuse Research: “Cocaine (Powder).” SAMHSA/CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocols: “Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment.” Narconon: “Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Use.” UpToDate: “Cocaine use disorder in adults: “Epidemiology, pharmacology, clinical manifestations, medical consequences, and Read More

Physical & Mental Effects, Signs of Abuse

SOURCES: National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Methamphetamine Abuse and Addiction,” “Drug Facts: Methamphetamine,” “Methamphetamine,” “Easy-to-Read Drug Facts.” Partnership for Drug-Free Kids: “Crystal Meth.” Drug Enforcement Administration: “Drug Fact Sheet: Methamphetamine.” Foundation for a Drug-Free World: “The Truth About Crystal Meth and Methamphetamine.” News release, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The Meth Project: “How to Spot a User,” “Find Help.” NIDA for Teens: “Drug Facts: Methamphetamine (Meth).”